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Colombian Peace Process

Published on 08-09-2016

5 things you should know about the Colombian Peace Process

It seems that the armed conflict that has terrorised Colombia for more than 50 years -causing the death of 200.000 people and leaving the largest international community of displaced in the world- could finally reach to an end after the last negotiations between the Colombian Government and the FARC. But throughout history, this has been a complicated conflict, just as the peace negotiations have been therefore, in order to understand what future Colombia awaits, you should know these 5 facts:

1. A long and costly conflict

Since 1964 Colombians have suffered from the guerrilla violence, and as a result, the majority of them have never lived in peace. Out of 48 million Colombians, almost 7 million have been displaced. Civilian deaths, sexual attacks and the damages in to infrastructure have contributed to a generalized sense of insecurity in the country during all these decades.

2. An equally long and tough peace process

In 2000 the United States provided “Plan Colombia”, an aid package to enforce the Government against the FARC. In 2002, after Alvaro Uribe´s election the FARC forces were weakened by sustained military action. But in 2010, when Juan Manuel Santos took the presidency over, the population was divided between those who wanted to reach peace and those who wanted to defeat FARC militarily. Public support for peace was tough to maintain since the ceasefire was broken time and again by the guerilla movement

how the NHS work in UK

Published on 07-07-2016

How does the NHS work in the United Kingdom?

The National Health System in the UK is an example of a truly socialized public health system as it is entirely funded by the British Government thanks to the tax contribution of its citizens. Taxpayers enable that doctor visits and treatments are free to patients as well as almost all drug prescriptions.

Its origins date back to 1948, during WWII when volunteer hospitals that had relied on government funding were replaced and implemented the belief that good healthcare should be accessible to everyone independently of your wealth. All UK residents can benefit from this free health system, which covers the almost 65 million citizens with an overall budget for 2015/2016 of around 116,4 billion.

Colombia guerilla

Published on 03-05-2016

The history of Colombian guerrilla movements

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, known as the FARC, is the most prominent guerrilla faction in Colombia. Based on Marxists-Leninist ideas they represent the on-going armed conflict existing in the country since 1964, which has caused death to 220.000 people.

Its roots go back to the Liberal Guerrilla bands of La Violencia formed during Colombian civil war from 1948 until 1958 when the FARC decided to separate from the Liberal Party and turned to communism. In 1966 the organization was baptized as the FARC. This guerrilla has been getting funds from drug trafficking since Pablo Escobar´s time plus ransom obtained through kidnappings and unofficial taxes which farmers were forced to pa in return for the guerrilla´s “protection”.

Considered as the main threat to Colombia, the USA and EU governments have been involved in this fight to put an end to this criminal organization. In 2010, Jorge Briceno, the leader of the organization at that time, was killed during a raid and the group´s founder Manuel Marulanda died in 2008. These two incidents weakened the power of the FARC, but nevertheless they still control rural and isolated areas of Colombia.

brexit

Published on 31-03-2016

Pros and cons of the Brexit

Should the United Kingdom stay or leave the EU? Amid controversy regarding a Brexit, which will be consulted to British citizens next 23rd of June in a referendum, different pro and contra voices are arising.

Everything started after the victory of the Conservative party, which pledged to hold a referendum on whether the UK should remain or leave the European Union. Even though the consequences of a Brexit are hard to predict, as no country has left the EU before, we have explored the main points that could be affected with an exit of the UK:

• Cost reduction: In case the pro-Brexit voices are victorious, the UK will no longer contribute to the EU budget, which will result in a bill reduction for the British economy. Last year the net contribution of the country was £8.5 billion.

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