Kenya is a country with a rich and fascinating history. The Kenyan economy has undergone an interesting evolution in the last eighty years too.
The currency in Kenya and it’s status on the world stage compared to other currencies has been an indicator of Kenya’s economic development. It is important for people who live in Kenya and Kenyan emigrants to know and understand the history of the currency especially if they are sending money internationally.
To understand why people send money home to Kenya and how they do it you need to know a bit about the currency, it’s history and its relationship to other currencies around the world.
Let’s take a look at the currency used in Kenya and its history, as well as the state of Kenya’s economy today.
What is the currency of Kenya?
The official currency in Kenya is called the Kenyan shilling (KES). The Kenyan shilling is used throughout the Republic of Kenya but is also used in Sudan and Somalia.
The symbol for the Kenyan shilling is ‘KES’ and prices can be abbreviated to KSh. For example, “200 KSh’ refers to 200 shillings.
Now you know what currency is used in Kenya, it’s time to take a look at the history of the Kenyan shilling and how it has developed through the years into what it is today.
The history of Kenya currency
In 1966 the Kenyan shilling was introduced to replace the East African shilling. This occurred three years after Kenya declared its independence from Britain and became a free nation. The East African shilling was thrown out and in came the Kenyan shilling.
The first coins issued in 1966 came in denominations of 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, and 1 and 2 shillings. On these coins were depictions of the first president of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta.
In 1980, the portrait of Jomo Kenyatta was replaced by a depiction of his successor and the longest serving president of Kenya, Daniel arap Moi.
Recently the look of the Kenyan shilling has changed. In 2018 changes were made to Kenya’s constitution that expressly prohibited the depiction of portraits of individual people on coins and notes. As a result, The Central Bank of Kenya began to issue new coins and banknotes.
On all the coins issued since 2018 instead of faces, you can see the Kenyan national coat of arms on one side and on the other side depictions of famous African animals. The currency is the same throughout the country, so the currency in Nairobi is the same as that of Mombasa.
The gradual development of the Kenyan economy coincided with the growth in strength of the Kenyan shilling. An increase in tourism and greater investment in the nation’s infrastructure during the 21st century has lifted the Kenyan shilling in recent years.
The Kenyan economy today
As with every country, Kenya was hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. Government, industry and entrepreneurial business all had to adapt to the new pandemic reality. In a lot of cases this has caused the deceleration of growth.
The good news is that the Kenyan economy was on the right path before the pandemic hit. During 2015-2019, Kenya’s economic growth averaged 5.7% making it one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. There was progress in technological and manufacturing industries.
While growth was slow on a macro-economic scale in many of these industries, agricultural output still managed to grow.
There is also a specific focus for the Kenyan economy in the next few years. Recently, the President of Kenya outlined the “Big Four” development priority areas for his final term as President prioritizing manufacturing, universal healthcare, affordable housing, and food security. These are all vital areas of the economy that require development in order to improve the financial freedom of Kenyans throughout the country.
Ultimately, there are reasons for Kenyans to be optimistic. The Kenyan shilling is one of the most stable currencies in East Africa and the economy of the country continues to grow.
The exchange rate of the Kenyan shilling
If you are thinking about transferring money internationally it helps to understand the exchange rate of the currencies you are dealing with.
In 2020, the average exchange rate of the Kenyan Shilling to the US Dollar was 106.488 KES to 1 USD. The currency of Kenya in Rupees throughout 2020 was at an average exchange rate of 1 KES to 0.671 INR.
If you are not familiar with exchange rates this means that for one US Dollar you receive 106 Kenyan Shillings. Throughout 2020, the exchange rate between the two currencies remained relatively stable. And that is the history of the Kenyan Shilling in general.
When compared to other African nations, the Kenyan shilling is a reliable currency that does not experience many periods of volatility.
If you are aware of your country's exchange rate with major economic markets like the United States you get a better sense of the value of your money.
At Small World we are always comparing the exchange rates we offer you to make sure you get the best value for money. That’s why we have over 15 million customers around the world who depend on us to make international transfers and send their loved ones their hard-earned money.
How do I send money to Kenya with Small World?
Small World is a global money transfer service. Whether you have family, friends or business partners back in Kenya, you can use Small World to easily and securely transfer funds. We offer a no-hassle service that has worked for millions around the world.
We know how hard it can be to spend time away from your home and family. Cash is still vitally important to the people of Kenya. That’s where Small World can help.
We have made sure that you can send cash that can be picked up quickly and safely by your friends, family and loved ones in Kenya.
Our worldwide community of 15 million customers have been using our service for years and we are constantly seeking improvements to ensure that your money-sending experience is great!
Your first transfer online is always without any additional costs.